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Formation of Néel-type skyrmions in an antidot lattice with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

Research Area: Magnonics Year: 2019
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: ADL, antidot lattice, skyrmion, nucleation
Journal: Physical Review B Volume: 100
Pages: 144435
Magnetic skyrmions are particlelike chiral spin textures found in magnetic films with out-of-plane anisotropy and are considered to be potential candidates as information carriers in next generation data storage devices. Despite intense research into the nature of skyrmions and their dynamic properties, there are several key challenges that still need to be addressed. In particular, the outstanding issues are the reproducible generation, stabilization, and confinement of skyrmions at room temperature. Here, we present a method for the capture of magnetic skyrmions in an array of defects in the form of an antidot lattice. We find that inhomogeneity in the total effective field produced by the antidot lattice is important for the formation of skyrmions which are mainly stabilized by the dipolar interaction. With micromagnetic simulations and scanning transmission x-ray microscopy we elucidate that the formation of skyrmions within the antidot lattice depends on the lattice constant and that, below a certain lattice constant, the skyrmion formation is suppressed. Based on our results we propose that, by varying the lattice constant, we can modify the probability of skyrmion formation in different parts of a sample by specific patterning. This provides another platform for experimental investigations of skyrmions and skyrmion-based devices.
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