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Spin-Wave Diode and Circulator Based on Unidirectional Coupling

Research Area: Magnonics Year: 2020
Type of Publication: Article
Authors:
Journal: Phys. Rev. Applied Volume: 14
Pages: 034063
Month: September
BibTex:
Abstract:
In magnonics, a fast-growing branch of wave physics characterized by low energy consumption, it is highly desirable to create circuit elements useful for wave computing. However, it is crucial to reach the nanoscale so as to be competitive with the electronics, which vastly dominates in computing devices. Here, based on numerical simulations, we demonstrate the functionality of the spin-wave diode and the circulator to steer and manipulate spin waves over a wide range of frequency in the GHz regime. They take advantage of the unidirectional magnetostatic coupling induced by the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, allowing the transfer of the spin wave between thin ferromagnetic layers in only one direction of propagation. Using the multilayered structure consisting of Py and Co in direct contact with heavy metal, we obtain submicrometer-size nonreciprocal devices of high efficiency. Thus, our work contributes to the emerging branch of energy-efficient magnonic logic devices, giving rise to the possibility of application as a signal-processing unit in the digital and analog nanoscaled spin-wave circuits.
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